Assessing Ecodesign Criteria for Swedish Agencies



Agencies in Sweden asked Anthesis to assess the feasibility of introducing Ecodesign criteria to reduce microplastics released from textiles when they are washed.


The washing and wearing of textiles is one of the sources of microplastic fibres that has raised increased concern in recent years, and is a primary source of microplastics from the textile sector in Sweden. However, textile production takes place almost entirely outside Sweden and the EU, meaning regulations would require international commitment. But as international commitments are harder to enforce, it was easier to focus on options at an EU-level.

With this in mind, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, in collaboration with the Swedish Energy Agency, wanted to examine the problem from a socio-economic perspective, by investigating the feasibility of requiring microplastic filters in the Ecodesign regulation for washing machines.

The study provides a structure for analysing the performance of policy instruments concerning microplastics and demonstrates the potential socio-economic impacts of implementing a filter requirement.


Our study determined that a filter criterion has potential to achieve reduced emissions from microplastics for new washing machines (the second hand market was not included). The effect will depend on how the Ecodesign requirements are specified, the performance of the filters and how consumers handle the filters.